31 October 2016

Halloween is a living nightmare for the waste management industry

It's the time of year where people dress up as vampires and werewolves but for those who have to deal with the waste that Halloween generates, the real horrors rise up from the tombs of cheap costumes and plastic broomsticks.

Halloween is a real ‘Marmite’ time of the year. You either get caught up in the pageantry of the occasion or you turn the lights off, pull the curtains shut and hope your local supermarket has run out of eggs.

Those who do enjoy the night usually go all-out; buying costumers, hoarding sweets and carving pumpkins. But beyond the fun of being scared, the environment can take a real hit. One-time-only costumes ensure that landfills are stuffed with hole-carved bedsheets and plastic skeleton masks.

Recycling and food waste are the two big areas that feel the brunt of Halloween. Last year, 15 million pumpkins were carved in the UK – none of which were eaten. Additionally, around 12,500 tonnes of Halloween costumes get sent to landfill each year.

While all these facts, figures and trends are alarming, they are also being tackled by the private sector. For instance, Unilever has teamed up with charity Hubbub to urge Britain’s pumpkin carvers to join the #PumkinRescue pledge and ensure that pumpkins are actually eaten this year.

“The frightful volume of delicious and healthy pumpkins going uneaten is a food waste horror story,” Unilever’s sustainability director for the UK Charlotte Carroll said. “This Halloween, with our much loved Knorr, Flora and Stork brands, we want to inspire the nation to turn their pumpkin carvings into cravings with a selection of scrumptious seasonal recipes.”

Statistics suggest that if every carved pumpkin was eaten last year, the UK would generate enough food to create one bowl of soup for each person in the country. As part of a wider scheme to tackle the seven million tonnes of food and drink wasted in the UK annually, the collaboration has introduced more than 40 cooking and composting events and festivals to help with using the pumpkins.

The two organisations surveyed UK households, with 45% claiming that the pumpkins are placed in food waste bins after Halloween. Around 28% claimed that they composted them, but that still leads to more than five million pumpkins heading to landfill each year.

According to waste management surveyors BusinessWaste, the days following 31 October are a “nightmare” for the UK’s waste industry. Many plastic and hard-to-recycle items that appear across the UK include: fake spider webs, devil horns and tridents, witch hats and plastic lamps and batteries.

"Halloween is like no other holiday in that it generates so much rubbish that gets used for a couple of hours at most,” BusinessWaste’s spokesperson Mark Hall said. “Cheap spooky costumes seem – at least to us – to be the biggest waste.

"Mass-produced plastic, sold for a pound, and with cheap, leaking batteries. We can deal with the batteries if people bother to separate them into recyclable waste, but 99% of the time they don't.”

BusinessWaste claims that the majority of batteries used for Halloween items end up in landfill, where the chemicals will inevitably leak into the environment. Last year, BusinessWaste called on households to recycle or compost 18,000 tonnes of used pumpkins after years of rotting fruit filling Britain's bin lorries.

One of the cornerstones underpinning Halloween’s success is the abundant supply of sweets and chocolates to pass onto trick-or-treaters.  The US National Retail Federation has been observing an increase in “candy” prices, as climate change wreaks havoc on cocoa farmers. The Federation notes that rising temperatures and changes to rainfall patterns could lead to areas in West Africa – which produces around 70% of all global cocoa – becoming unsuitable for production by 2030.

Luckily, the private sector is aware of this trend. Many companies including Nestlé, Mondelez and Mars have pledged to source only sustainable and Fairtrade cocoa from now on. Not only is the securing the future of chocolate across the globe, local farmers are also reaping the benefits with better and more secure incomes.

Source: edie

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